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Testowy drugi wpis w galerii

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Galeria1 test

Investors center

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Enterprise developement

One of the most important factors of the contemporary process of regional development is entrepreneurship. The impact of this factor, however, varies spatially, which favors the development disproportions even between neighboring territorial systems.
Entrepreneurship can be seen in the individual form (entrepreneur’s feature), collective form (a feature of the company as a whole), as well as at the macro level. Macro entrepreneurship is particularly interesting from the point of view of the whole region or a country, as it covers  the whole economic, social, legal, political and personality  circumstances, that support  entrepreneurial attitudes.
The level of entrepreneurship of a region is an important element of its economic growth. The basis of entrepreneurship is the human capital that should be supported by appropriate education, financial resources, and the right environment (infrastructure, consultancy).
In Poland, there is a noticeable weakness of institutional factors from the point of view of competitiveness of the economy, such as low resource of social capital (level of trust ), bureaucratic barriers and  still rather unfavorable climate for entrepreneurship. Consequently, with  the failure of the state in creating positive externalities for the development of entrepreneurship, particularly important are grassroots initiatives at local and regional level , including the nature of cross-border cooperation. It is, therefore, essential that entrepreneurs receive assistance in overcoming mental and formal barriers in this regard. Activities for the development of cooperation with neighboring countries carry a lot of benefits that will be seen in the long term. This may include: penetration of new markets, access to cheap labor, access to raw materials and minerals, revival of tourism, increased trade or the development of entrepreneurship of the area.
Cross-border cooperation is essential to overcome the structural problems of the border areas associated with the distant location. The border location of the region can be and often is the cause of its underdevelopment associated with low levels of entrepreneurship development, but it can also be a conducive factor to it. It is just to highlight the good practices, duly  analyze what works wrong and what are the possibilities of improving it in the local scale.  Thisisso much, and maybe it is just enough!

 

Transborder cooperation

In today’s world, in addition to the phenomenon of globalization and international integration, a particular role in social  and economic development  play action at the regional and local levels. Such activities take place in regional system, which include cross-border areas.
Cross-border cooperation is favored by regional and cohesion policy of the European Union  form of the border areas development. It is based on regional integration of areas located in different countries, based on the economic theory achievements of the of international trade.
Cross-border relations associated with local specificity play an important role in strengthening and developing  neighborly relations.  Common economic, social, scientific, cultural and other initiatives, not only bring together border communities, but are also an important factor in the economic development of individual units.
Cooperation may also be considered as a factor increasing the size and improving the quality of one of the main resources of the company, which is knowledge. Due to the fact the company, except for being  a manufacturer of certain products to certain markets, is also a collection of some competence and systems or procedures (quality management system, just in time  system, customer service system). Then the cooperation between enterprises is also defined as the process of acquiring these competencies and skills.
The company needs, in particular, so-called general knowledge about the conditions of doing business in the foreign market (general knowledge), for example, about the economy, politics, business customs, culture, distribution channels  and similar resources. This type of mutual knowledge flows are also closely linked to the value of social capital held by the individual, understood as the ability of individuals to work together, in groups or organizations to achieve common goals.
Cross-border cooperation also aims to mitigate the negative effects of border existence, it is particularly relevant (due to Polish membership in EU) is case of the eastern part of our country, among others,  Polish and Belarusian boarder, which is the subject of a thorough analysis of the project.